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. © INRA Scientists at INRA
N° 54
  19 December 2017  
. © INRA
  “Inventive and audacious agricultural research in France, acknowledged for its quality throughout the world”: Philippe Mauguin, President of INRA 

“Faced with the challenges we must meet in the 21st century, you embody a promise of innovation". So said Frédérique Vidal, Minister for Higher Education, Research and Innovation during the 2017 INRA Awards ceremony. Philippe Mauguin concurred: “our scientists want their research to be useful, notably in terms of creating jobs or generating patents and innovation, as well as supporting public policies.”

The men and women of INRA are thus playing an active role in taking up these major challenges: to ensure food and nutritional security for nine billion humans, to manage the resources of our planet more sustainably by preserving biodiversity and health and by fighting against the worrying trends of climate change.

  • Discover the winners of the INRA Awards for 2017: portraits and films
  • Olivier Berteau, scientist at INRA’s Ile-de-France Jouy-en-Josas Research Centre, has won an 2017 ERC Proof of Concept grant: for more information
  • Gianni Bellocchi and his team at INRA’s Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes Research Centre have received the Étoiles de l'Europe trophy for their Modextreme project on simulating the impact of extreme weather events on agriculture: for more information

Come and join us!

From 29 January 2018, INRA will be recruiting more than 30 scientists to boost its research teams working in the laboratory or in the field.
> For more information

INRA is recruiting

Current offers and opportunities at INRA.

INRA is recruiting 30 scientists from 29 January to 5 March 2018
INRA is recruiting 32 scientists until 5th March 2018

Joining INRA means having the freedom to express your talent as part of an inventive and audacious organisation. In 2018, INRA is recruiting 32 research scientists to reinforce its teams. Positions are open to all nationalities. Applications were open from 29 January to 28 February (for paper applications) or 5 March 2018 (for online applications). You can lo longer apply.

Careers and talents

The people at INRA work in over 50 scientific disciplines and 70 different professions. They seek answers to the major concerns of the 21st century: providing healthy, high-quality food sources and ensuring competitive, sustainable agriculture while preserving the environment.

2017 INRA Awards
Report - 2017 INRA Awards

Stéphane Travert, Minister of Agriculture and Food, Frédérique Vidal, Minister of Higher Education, Research and Innovation, and Philippe Mauguin, President and Director General of INRA kicked off the 2017 INRA Awards ceremony hosted by Thomas Hugues at the Salle Gaveau in Paris. Along with Christine Cherbut, INRA’s Deputy Director General for Scientific Affairs, Fabrice Marty, Deputy Director General for Research Support Services, and Philippe Gillet, President of INRA’s Scientific Advisory Board, the three then went on to present six winners with trophies in recognition of their commitment and achievements in different domains of agricultural research.

Contents
   1 -  At a crossroads
   2 - Françoise Macouin, the human factor
   3 - Good things come to those who apply themselves
   4 - Anne Lacroix, a passion for experimental economics
   5 - Waste not, want not
   6 - Laboratory for Environmental Biotechnology: a lab creating value
   7 - Evolving with evolution
   8 - Florian Maumus, from the garden to the lab
   9 - The total package
   10 - Nathalie Gontard, under wraps
   11 - For the love of microbes
   12 - Joël Doré, pairing research and innovation
Olivier Berteau, research director at the Joint Research Unit for Food and Gut Microbiology for Human Health - MICALIS (INRA, AgroParisTech). © INRA, NICOLAS Bertrand
Olivier Berteau, winner of an ERC Proof of Concept grant in 2017

A specialist in the biochemistry of the microbiota, Olivier Berteau has been awarded a Proof of Concept grant from the European Research Council. This type of grant provides an opportunity to explore the innovation potential of a previous ERC grant project, in this case on the biosynthesis of active peptides.

Etoiles de l'Europe 2017
Improving simulation of the impact of extreme weather on agriculture

In a context of climate change, the systems used to forecast agricultural yields in the event of extreme weather conditions in terms of temperature or rainfall need to be particularly reliable and efficient. The European MODEXTREME1 project, led by INRA between 2013 and 2016, was able to improve the systems used to model and simulate the impacts of these phenomena on arable crops, fruit trees and grasslands. The project team for MODEXTREME was one of the 12 winners of the Étoiles de l’Europe awards given at a ceremony organised by the French Ministry for Higher Education, Research and Innovation on 4 December 2017.

Mission log

In order to maintain the dynamics of scientific excellence and pursue its mission to train researchers, INRA encourages exchanges and international mobility to and from France.

Agreenskills. © inra, W. Beaucardet
AgreenSkills and AgreenSkills+ mobility programmes: encouraging international careers

The AgreenSkills and AgreenSkills+ programmes, coordinated by INRA, promote the international mobility of young and experienced researchers through incoming and outgoing fellowships. In all disciplinary fields and regardless of nationality, they offer attractive hosting and recruitment conditions. The final call for applications was open until 8 February 2018.

On 7 September 2017, Alejandro Cabezas-Cruz received the Odile Bain Memorial Prize, awarded by the journal Parasites & Vectors and the pharmaceutical company Boehringer Ingelheim. The prize was presented to him by Lénaïg Halos of Boehringer Ingelheim © AAVP2017
Alejandro Cabezas-Cruz receives Odile Bain Memorial Prize for research in parasitology

On 7 September 2017, the journal Parasites & Vectors and the pharmaceutical company Boehringer Ingelheim awarded Alejandro Cabezas-Cruz the Odile Bain Memorial Prize. The move comes as a welcome recognition of this promising young researcher who recently joined INRA’s Parasitic Molecular Biology and Immunology research unit to help further knowledge of vector-borne diseases.


Agenda
11-16 Feb 2018
Training Course on Agroecological Crop Protection
Volterra (Italy)
24 Feb - 04 Mar 2018
INRA at the 2018 Paris International Agricultural Show
Paris


Research News
In the pampas of Rio Grande do Sùl (Brazil), a scientist from the University of Porto Alegre discusses with a breeder and a consultant from the SIA (Serviço de Inteligência em Agronegócios) the positive effects of a diverse plant structure on the appetite of cows. © INRA, MEURET Michel
AgriteRRIs: a network to reinvent international cooperation

Born in February 2007 from the foundations of longstanding cooperation between Argentina and France, and subsequently joined by Brazil, the AgriteRRIs International Research Laboratory is evolving; it has now become an international research network (2RI) and forms one of the cornerstones of INRA’s policies between now and 2025. But what has really changed? And what can this network contribute in practice?

Maple tree. © INRA, COLLEU Sylvie
"Make our Planet Great Again" is supporting agricultural research!

Launched in June this year by the French President Emmanuel Macron, the "Make our Planet Great Again" initiative has the ambitious goal to host around 50 high-achieving scientists in research laboratories across France over a five-year period. The program has been awarded 60 million euros and INRA is one of the participating research institutes.

European meeting on Xylella fastidiosa held on 1st December 2017. © Ministère de l'Agriculture et de l'Alimentation, SAIDOU Cheick
A European roadmap for the control of Xylella fastidiosa

Philippe Mauguin, the President of INRA, spoke during a meeting organised on 1st December in Paris by Stéphane Travert, Minister for Agriculture and Food, and Vytenis Andriukaitis, the European Commissioner for Health and Food Safety. They assembled representatives from the ten Member States most concerned by the major threat to plants represented by Xylella fastidiosa. A roadmap was drawn up to ensure reinforcement at the European level of measures to prevent and control this disease.

Experimental set-up used for the analysis of the impact of social information on group performances in collective estimation tasks
Modelling social interactions to improve collective decision-making

How are we affected by other peoples' opinions? To answer this question, scientists1 at CNRS, INRA and Université Toulouse 1 Capitole conducted a study in France and Japan, quantifying this impact on our decisions. They identified five behaviours common to both countries: a majority of subjects make a compromise between their opinion and that of others (59% of people in France), some hold to their opinion (29% in France), whereas others follow faithfully, amplify or contradict the information they receive. The study also shows how social information can help a group collectively improve its performance and the precision of its estimates. From this analysis, a model has been developed that reproduces the results of the study and predicts the performance of a group depending on the amount and quality of information exchanged between its members. The long-term goal would be to develop algorithms for decision-making support tools. The results of this study were published on November 6, 2017 in PNAS.

Rice terraces in the far north of Vietnam—Nicolas Bertrand @INRA. © INRA
Using climate-smart cropping systems to respond to climate change

By increasing global temperatures and changing precipitation patterns, climate change will affect the distribution and productivity of crops. In a collaborative study, scientists at INRA Occitanie-Toulouse, INRA Nouvelle-Aquitaine-Bordeaux, and CIRAD sought to describe climate-smart cropping systems that can confront and adapt to the challenges presented by climate change. The results were recently published in EDP Sciences.


When Listeria monocytogenes goes to sleep….

Disorder is adaptive for viruses

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