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logo pour la newsletter The newsletter for industry
N° 93
  June 2017  
logo pour la newsletter
  INRA and participatory research 
. © INRA

Participatory research was in the news this month with the signature on March 20 of the Charter on Participatory Science and Research in France. In the presence of Thierry Mandon, Secretary of State for Higher Education and Research, some thirty research institutions and organisations from civil society signed this document, which specifies their commitments in terms of values, deontological principles, scientific integrity and conditions for success.  

INRA is one of the signatories of this Charter, convinced of the scientific added value of this approach, notably when responding to particular research challenges linked to the complexity of our modern world.

But what does this term mean? The signatories agreed on the following definition: "participatory science and research offer a means to generate scientific knowledge where actors from civil society participate either individually or collectively with research scientists, in an active and deliberate manner".

 
Numerous examples of this type of research exist within INRA. One particular case was highlighted at a symposium organised on 27 February 2017 during the Salon International de l’Agriculture to report the results of a project carried out jointly by INRA and the CLCV consumer association (Consumption, Housing and Living Conditions). Having involved both scientists from INRA and volunteers from the association, this study focused on the perception of food labelling by consumers and the information they would like to be given and would use. This project is described in more detail in the first article of this newsletter.  

You can find out about other INRA participatory projects from the following videos:

Christophe Roturier
Delegate for Sciences in Society

Research, Innovation, Transfer
Photos relatives au projet. © INRA, Welience et Unité Mixte de Recherche Procédés
An original ecodesign approach adapted to food processes

In the context of a Qualiment® project, an ecodesign approach has been developed which combines product quality and environmental impact. It is applied to the case of the functional preservation of yeasts, in order to define a generic framework that might be applicable to any food transformation process. We are now looking for companies to participate in establishing proof of concept of its application to their expectations and constraints.

Les porcelets Large White à l'heure de la têtée (celle-ci se répète 24 fois par jour).. © INRA, CHEVALIER Jacky
Livestock systems could become more sustainable by managing the gut microbiota of pigs

A consortium of scientists working with the INRA has, for the first time, completed an inventory of all the genes in the gut microbiota of pigs. This work opens the way towards a clearer understanding of the functions of the microbiota and identifying new markers for resistance to biotic and abiotic stress in pigs.

Mapping of contamination obtained by applied regression analysis onto the multispectral images.Top: images of resistant kernel, ventral view on left and dorsal view on right.Bottom: images of susceptible kernel, ventral view on left and dorsal view on right.The intensity in red gives an evaluation of the degree of contamination.. © INRA, Benoît Jaillais
A new method to detect fusarium head blight on wheat kernels

Fusarium attacks, affecting straw cereals, have increased during the past twenty years. Detection of the presence of this fungus and its mycotoxins in grain is an essential guarantee of harvest health and quality. INRA has designed a non-destructive and reliable multispectral imaging technique for use on wheat kernels that can detect this contamination.

APILand: simulation and analysis of agricultural landscapes and agri-environmental processes. © Inra, Hugues Bousard
APILand: simulation and analysis of agricultural landscapes and agri-environmental processes

APILand, or Application Programming Interface Landscape: a Java and open-source software toolbox that can generate a 3D meta-representation of the landscape, rolling window spatial analyses and simulations of covers under agronomic constraints.

Technology opportunity
Green Epoxy: rigid epoxy resins from forest by-products. © Inra UMR 1083 SPO SPIRAL, UMR 1083 SPO SPIRAL
Depolymerisation of condensed tannins

Biosourced molecules obtained by the depolymerisation of condensed tannins and their functionalisation to obtain an epoxy prepolymer or amine hardener

Partnership arrangements
agriculture numérique, Big Data,. © INRA
The #DigitAg Institute for the Convergence of Digital Agriculture

By focusing the skills of 25 research units and their partners on a multidisciplinary approach and by proposing a research-training-transfer continuum, the #DigitAg Institute for the Convergence of Digital Agriculture, based in Montpellier, aims to become a reference centre for the development of digital agriculture and companies working in this area.

Our partners
Sheep tick (Ixodes ricinus). © INRA, CHAUBET Bernard
Report - Tick-fighting tactics

Ticks vector major diseases in animals, including humans. They represent an ever greater threat. This report highlights key discoveries by INRA researchers related to these tiny invertebrates that have a disproportionately large influence on disease transmission.

Contents
   1 - Ticks vector multiple pathogens
   2 - Novel bacteria detected in patients bitten by ticks
   3 - A new look at the pathogens transmitted by ticks and their screening
   4 - Sequencing of Babesia genomes facilitates study of host-parasite interactions
   5 - The Siberian chipmunk: a major Lyme disease reservoir
   6 - Small mammals, ticks, and agricultural landscapes
   7 - GenIric: sequencing the Ixodes ricinus genome
   8 - New tick species discovered in southern France
. © INRA
3BCAR: five scientific revitalisation projects in 2017

The 3BCAR Carnot Institute is funding five scientific revitalisation projects in 2017 which, through the alliance of research strengths in the network, will enable it to respond to the future needs of industry.

Agricultural landscape in Côte d'Or (Burgundy). © INRA, SLAGMULDER Christain
Inno4Grass stimulates grassland innovation

The European Inno4Grass project brings together 20 partners from eight countries to give a boost to grassland innovation. Christian Huyghe, Scientific Director Agriculture at INRA, is coordinating the participation of INRA teams for this project, including the head of the Regional Scientific and Technical Information team in Poitou-Charentes. The seminar to kick off the project was held in Berlin from 14 to 16 February 2017.

Events
28-29 Jun 2017 - European workshop on bioeconomy
Paris
10-14 Sep 2017 - The 12th Triennial Conference of the International Society for Seed Science
Monterey (US)
Executive Director: Philippe Mauguin
Chief Editor: Odile Whitechurch
Editorial Staff: Anne Frinault, Patricia Le Crenn, Jacques Le Rouzic, Anne Perraut
Publishing secretary: Nadine Brault
The newsletter for industry is produced by INRA, Partnership Transfer Innovation Directorate (DPTI).
For further information, please contact us at: NLdpti@inra.fr

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